1299 and extending southwards a distance of 850 feet from the aforesaid angle; On the south – A line running due east from the southern extremity of the western boundary until it meets a contour in the vicinity of the Hill above Belchers 700 feet above principal datum, that is to say, a level 17.833 feet below the bench-mark known as "Rifleman's Bolt", the highest point of a copper bolt set horizontally in the east wall of the Royal Navy Office and Mess Block Naval Dockyard, and thence following the said contour until it meets the eastern boundary; On the east – A line following the west side of the Government Pier, Bay View and thence along the west side of Hing Fat Street, then along the north side of Causeway Road to Moreton Terrace. The incense was stored near Aberdeen Harbour for export before Victoria Harbour developed. [44], The Qin dynasty incorporated the Hong Kong area into China for the first time in 214 BCE, after conquering the indigenous Baiyue. [294], The government maintains a policy of "mother tongue instruction"; most schools use Cantonese as the medium of instruction, with written education in both Chinese and English. With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities[d] in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated places in the world. Much of the elderly population were not formally educated due to war and poverty. [68], Its population rebounded quickly after the war, as skilled Chinese migrants fled from the Chinese Civil War, and more refugees crossed the border when the Communist Party took control of mainland China in 1949. [12] The Hong Kong Stock Exchange is the seventh-largest in the world, with a market capitalisation of HK$30.4 trillion (US$3.87 trillion) as of December 2018[update]. [191] The universal public healthcare system is funded by general-tax revenue, and treatment is highly subsidised; on average, 95 per cent of healthcare costs are covered by the government. [78] Hong Kong was transferred to China on 1 July 1997, after 156 years of British rule. [188], Among the religious population, the traditional "three teachings" of China, Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism, have the most adherents (20 per cent), and are followed by Christianity (12 per cent) and Islam (4 per cent). [80] This was followed by the 2003 SARS epidemic, during which the territory experienced its most serious economic downturn. [38], The simplified name Hong Kong was frequently used by 1810. A tech-focused fund. [170] Other distinctive buildings lining the Hong Kong Island skyline include the HSBC Main Building, the anemometer-topped triangular Central Plaza, the circular Hopewell Centre, and the sharp-edged Bank of China Tower. [212][213] The Closer Partnership Economic Arrangement formalised a policy of free trade between the two areas, with each jurisdiction pledging to remove remaining obstacles to trade and cross-boundary investment. Today, it maintains its economic independence in many ways. Nulla di più sbagliato: come si può leggere su alcuni cartelli, le persone devono indossare la mascherina per evitare di contagiare gli altri in caso di influenza, raffreddore o un semplice mal di gola. The protests are the largest in Hong Kong history,[89] with organisers claiming to have attracted more than one million Hong Kong residents. [168] Single-family detached homes are extremely rare and generally only found in outlying areas. Unofficially 11th in the world according to the 2020 estimates by the, Largest cities or municipalities in the People's Republic of China, [hœ́ːŋ.kɔ̌ːŋ tɐ̀k̚.pìːt̚ hɐ̏ŋ.tsēŋ.kʰɵ́y], [hœ̂ːŋ.kɔ̌ːŋ tɐ̀k̚.pìːt̚ hɐ̏ŋ.tsēŋ.kʰɵ́y], the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, Independent Commission Against Corruption, Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, Office for Safeguarding National Security of the CPG in the HKSAR, Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, Chairman of the Central Military Commission, 14th most popular destination for international tourists, Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System, eighth-busiest airport by passenger traffic, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge Hong Kong Link Road, Legislative Council Disclaimer and Copyright Notice, "Survey and Mapping Office – Circulars and Publications", "Population - Overview | Census and Statistics Department", "World Economic Outlook Database, October 2020", Technical Legislative Amendments on Traffic Arrangements for the Hong Kong-Zhuhai-Macao Bridge 2017, "World's Richest Cities: The Top 10 Cities Billionaires Call Home", "Country Comparison: GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)", "Hong Kong's worsening housing shortage forces thousands into 'coffin homes, Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, "Aquilaria sinensis and origin of the name of Hong Kong", "The Petrology of the Wong Tei Tung Stone Tool Manufacturing Site, Sham Chung, Hong Kong Sar, China", "Pro-China Party Appears Big Loser in Hong Kong Election". [112][150] The United Kingdom considers the law to be a serious violation of the Joint Declaration. Dishes include congee, cha siu bao, siu yuk, egg tarts, and mango pudding. [37] Sir John Davis (the second colonial governor) offered an alternative origin; Davis said that the name derived from "Hoong-keang" ("red torrent"), reflecting the colour of soil over which a waterfall on the island flowed. 'rings'). Traditional Chinese values emphasising family and education blend with Western ideals, including economic liberty and the rule of law. Summer is hot and humid, with occasional showers and thunderstorms and warm air from the southwest. Although the traders were expelled after military clashes in the 1520s,[53] Portuguese-Chinese trade relations were re-established by 1549. C'est l'une des zones les plus libérales au monde. L'isola di Hong Kong (香港島 T, 香港岛 S, Xiānggǎng Dǎo P) è un'isola situata nella parte meridionale di Hong Kong.Ha una popolazione di 1.268.112 abitanti e, secondo la stima del 2006, una densità di 15.915 ab./km². [236] Highways, organised with the Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System, connect all major areas of the territory. [19], Immediately after the transfer, Hong Kong was severely affected by several crises. [118] Public finances are handled separately from the national government; taxes levied in Hong Kong do not fund the central authority. [288], Dragon boat races originated as a religious ceremony conducted during the annual Tuen Ng Festival. [133], As of 2020, Hong Kong is considered a flawed democracy that is not fully representative of the population. Capitale Wine International Company Limited is a full-service wine merchant that is known to be French, not just in terms of the range of products we carry, but also our vision as well as passion to cultivate the world with the fine art of French wine appreciation. [222], Tourism is a major part of the economy, accounting for five per cent of GDP. Secondary schools emphasise "bi-literacy and tri-lingualism", which has encouraged the proliferation of spoken Mandarin language education. La domanda giusta sarebbe: com'è possibile fare un viaggio in Cina e non visitare Hong Kong? [77] The Legislative Council became a fully elected legislature for the first time in 1995 and extensively expanded its functions and organisations throughout the last years of the colonial rule. They were charged with contempt and interfering with members of the council, while none of the pro-Beijing lawmakers were detained. [125] The territory actively participates in the World Trade Organization, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, the International Olympic Committee, and many United Nations agencies. Economic and infrastructure integration with China has increased significantly since the 1978 start of market liberalisation on the mainland. Hong Kong's political and judicial systems may be integrated with China's at that time, or the territory may continue to be administered separately. "Sai Wan", "Sheung Wan" and "Choong Wan" retain the same name in Chinese today. Products from mainland China account for about 40 per cent of that traffic. Connections over fibre-optic infrastructure are increasingly prevalent,[255] contributing to the high regional average connection speed of 21.9 Mbit/s (the world's fourth-fastest). [243] Ferry travel to Macau and mainland China is also available. Ofrece a sus visitantes, un ambiente totalmente natural en el centro de la ciudad, que alberga una espectacular colección de plantas y algunos pequeños a… [289], The Hong Kong Jockey Club, the territory's largest taxpayer,[290] has a monopoly on gambling and provides over seven per cent of government revenue. The first modern competition was organised in 1976, and overseas teams began competing in the first international race in 1993. The territory was the first market outside mainland China for renminbi-denominated bonds, and is one of the largest hubs for offshore renminbi trading. Common cha chaan teng menu items include macaroni in soup, deep-fried French toast, and Hong Kong-style milk tea. [44] As hinted by the archaeological works in Sha Ha, Sai Kung, rice cultivation had been introduced since Late Neolithic period. [161] When there is snowfall, which is extremely rare, it is usually at high elevations. [310] Several international publications have regional operations in Hong Kong, including The Wall Street Journal, The Financial Times, The New York Times International Edition, USA Today, Yomiuri Shimbun, and The Nikkei. [124], The central government and Ministry of Foreign Affairs handle diplomatic matters, but Hong Kong retains the ability to maintain separate economic and cultural relations with foreign nations. [136][137], Ethnic minorities have marginal representation in government and often experience discrimination in housing, education, and employment. The public-housing estate programme, Independent Commission Against Corruption, and Mass Transit Railway were all established during the post-war decades to provide safer housing, integrity in the civil service, and more-reliable transportation. [287] Hong Kong athletes have won 126 medals at the Paralympic Games and 17 at the Commonwealth Games. Cette drogue, normalement utilisée en tant qu’anesthésiant est grandement addictive. [271] There are five daily meals: breakfast, lunch, afternoon tea, dinner, and siu yeh. [40] Some corporations founded during the early colonial era still keep this name, including Hongkong Land, Hongkong Electric Company, Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels and the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC). Es uno de los jardines y zoológicos más antiguos del mundo, ubicados en el Pico Victoria región administrativa de Hong Kong, exactamente en el lado sur de la República Popular de China. Photo : Base64, Wikipédia. [73] [129], The imposition of Hong Kong national security law by the central government in Beijing in June 2020 resulted in the suspension of bilateral extradition treaties by the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, New Zealand in July and in October by Finland and Ireland. [233] Vehicle traffic is extremely congested in urban areas, exacerbated by limited space to expand roads and an increasing number of vehicles. 4. [69] Hong Kong became the first of the Four Asian Tiger economies to industrialise during the 1950s. Over 90 per cent of daily trips are made on public transport, the highest percentage in the world. By the early 1990s, Hong Kong had established itself as a global financial centre and shipping hub. [269], Food in Hong Kong is primarily based on Cantonese cuisine, despite the territory's exposure to foreign influences and its residents' varied origins. Capitale: Hong Kong [293][294] At the end of secondary schooling, all students take a public examination and awarded the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education on successful completion. Since 1931, we've helped millions of investors worldwide pursue their real-life goals. [6][184] About half the population have some form of British nationality, a legacy of colonial rule; 3.4 million residents have British National (Overseas) status, and 260,000 British citizens live in the territory. The MTR operates its Light Rail system, serving the northwestern New Territories. It was initially named Queenstown but was soon known as Victoria. Perché visitare Hong Kong? Istwere admisterrece. [76] Over half a million people left the territory during the peak migration period, from 1987 to 1996. [60], Administrative infrastructure was quickly built by early 1842, but piracy, disease, and hostile Qing policies initially prevented the government from attracting commerce. [248] The vast majority of this energy comes from fossil fuels, with 46 per cent from coal and 47 per cent from petroleum. Early inhabitants are believed to be Austronesians in the Middle Neolithic period and later the Yueh[disambiguation needed] people. [218] The city has the second-highest number of corporate headquarters in the Asia-Pacific region. [50], The earliest European visitor was Portuguese explorer Jorge Álvares, who arrived in 1513. [260][261] Most migrants of that era fled poverty and war, reflected in the prevailing attitude toward wealth; Hongkongers tend to link self-image and decision-making to material benefits. Portugal acquired a permanent lease for Macau in 1557. [244] Junks, once common in Hong Kong waters, are no longer widely available and are used privately and for tourism. [272] Dim sum, as part of yum cha (brunch), is a dining-out tradition with family and friends. [18] The University of Hong Kong was established in 1911 as the territory's first institution of higher education. Hong Kong è la città degli affari e del business Hong Kong ogni anno è nella classifica tra le " Best Business City in the World " (migliori città per fare business nel mondo) stilata dalla rivista Business Traveller Asia Pacific. La isla de Hong Kong (en chino tradicional: 香港島) es una isla en la zona sur de Hong Kong, China. [105], Twenty-two political parties had representatives elected to the Legislative Council in the 2016 election. [215] Chinese companies have expanded their economic presence in the territory since the transfer of sovereignty. [218] The territory's minimal taxation, common law system, and civil service attract overseas corporations wishing to establish a presence in Asia. Aberdeen was an initial point of contact between British sailors and local fishermen. [235] Bus services operate more than 700 routes across the territory,[228] with smaller public light buses (also known as minibuses) serving areas standard buses do not reach as frequently or directly. ", "Hong Kong topples New York as world's richest city", "China Resumes Control of Hong Kong, Concluding 156 Years of British Rule", "It's fade out for Hong Kong's film industry as China moves into the spotlight", "Hong Kong's Mile-Long Escalator System Elevates the Senses: A Stairway to Urban Heaven", "World's longest sea-crossing bridge opens between Hong Kong and China", "Hong Kong pro-democracy legislators disqualified from parliament", "Forgotten stories of the great escape to Hong Kong", "Top 10 Hong Kong skyscraper nicknames, from the Big Syringe to the Hong Kong Finger", "A Hong Kong court has disqualified two legislators who refused to take their oath "correctly, "Hong Kong's umbrella revolution – the Guardian briefing", "Hong Kong Imports Over 90% of Its Food. [19] As a special administrative region, Hong Kong maintains separate governing and economic systems from that of mainland China under the principle of "one country, two systems". [84] Discrepancies in the electoral registry and disqualification of elected legislators after the 2016 Legislative Council elections[85][86][87] and enforcement of national law in the West Kowloon high-speed railway station raised further concerns about the region's autonomy. [63][64] At the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, Governor Geoffry Northcote declared Hong Kong a neutral zone to safeguard its status as a free port. [315], Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}22°18′N 114°12′E / 22.3°N 114.2°E / 22.3; 114.2, Special administrative region in People's Republic of China, Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of the People's Republic of China, Political reforms and sociopolitical issues, No specific variety of Chinese is official in the territory. [7], Chinese national law does not generally apply in the region and Hong Kong is treated as a separate jurisdiction. The commissioner destroyed opium stockpiles and halted all foreign trade,[58] triggering a British military response and the First Opium War. [3] Slightly over half the population (53.2 per cent) speaks English, the other official language;[2] 4.3 per cent are native speakers, and 48.9 per cent speak English as a second language.